Kibera Slum Upgrading Action Program

Date: 2005
City: Nairobi
Country: Kenya
Client: Joint Center for Housing Studies, Harvard University

Rapid urbanization has led to large and expanding urban slums. In Kenya, nearly 1 million people live in Kibera, Africa’s largest slum. The Kenyan Ministry of Lands and Housing invited AHI to Nairobi to develop a financing and ownership plan for slum upgrading in Kenya, using Kibera as an example.

AHI developed a plan for a Kenya Housing Development Agency to own and finance the construction of housing co-ops in Kibera and other slums. As part of this plan, AHI constructed a financial model to quantify affordability at the individual, household, co-operative, and entity level. AHI also estimated the aggregate cost to remove individual slums. AHI’s economic impact assessment gave the Kenya Ministry of Lands and Housing knowledge to plan slum upgrades that are scalable, affordable, and sustainable.